APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019
- 1 APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019
- 1.1 Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC) Syllabus 2019 – Details
- 1.2 psc.ap.gov.in Horticulture Officer Exam Pattern 2019
- 1.3 Selection process For Andhra Pradesh PSC Vacancies 2019
- 1.4 Download APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019 PDF
- 1.4.1 1. FRUIT CROPS
- 1.4.2 2. VEGETABLE CROPS
- 1.4.3 3. COMMERCIAL FLORICULTURE, ORNAMENTAL GARDENING, AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
- 1.4.4 4. MEDICINAL, AROMATIC, SPICES, CONDIMENT AND PLANTATION CROPS
- 1.4.5 Medicinal Plants:
- 1.4.6 Aromatic Crops:
- 1.4.7 Plantation Crops:
- 1.4.8 5. DRYLAND HORTICULTURE AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
- 1.4.9 Alternate water use system:
- 1.4.10 6. Post Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops
- 1.4.11 7. PRESERVATION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
- 1.4.12 8. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
- 1.4.13 9. GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS
- 1.4.14 1. FUNDAMENTALS OF HORTICULTURE :
- 1.4.15 2. PLANT PROPAGATION AND NURSERY MANAGEMENT :
- 1.4.16 3. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY :
- 1.4.17 4. ENTOMOLOGY :
- 1.4.18 5. PATHOLOGY :
- 1.4.19 6. SOIL SCIENCE:
- 1.4.20 7. INTRODUCTORY AGROFORESTRY :
- 1.4.21 8. EXTENSION EDUCATION:
- 1.4.22 9. ORGANIC FARMING IN HORTICULTURAL CROPS :
We have noticed that a huge number of applicants are seraching for various websites on the internet for APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019. To help these candidates we had arranged the complete and genuine details of Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC) Syllabus 2019 in PDF format for free of cost. The higher authorities of Andhra Pradesh PSC had decided to conduct the Horticulture Office exam on 3rd April 2019 & 4th April 2019. So, there is a lot of time preparation. Gather the information of APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019 from this article. And also here, you can get information on psc.ap.gov.in Exam Pattern 2019, and Andhra Pradesh PSC Selection Process along with the APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019.
Also Check: APPSC Horticulture Officer Previous Papers
Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC) Syllabus 2019 – Details
|APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019 PDF Download & Exam Pattern|
|Organization Name||Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC)|
|Post Name||Horticulture Officer Posts|
|Number of Openings||39 Posts|
|Starting Date Of Application Process||14th December 2018|
|Closing Date Of Application Process||3rd January 2019|
|Date Of Examination||3rd April 2019 & 4th April 2019|
|Job Location||Andhra Pradesh|
psc.ap.gov.in Horticulture Officer Exam Pattern 2019
You Can Also Check: APPSC Horticulture Officer Admit Card
Selection process For Andhra Pradesh PSC Vacancies 2019
The applied aspirants must and should have to participate in the Selection process For Andhra Pradesh PSC Vacancies 2019. Gent the direct link of APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019 from below.
- Offline Screening Test (If Necessary)
- Online Main Exam
Download APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus 2019 PDF
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APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus – General English
- Sentence Arrangement
- Fill in the blanks
- Para Completion
- Joining Sentences
- Error Correction (Underlined Part)
- Spelling Test
- Idioms and Phrases
- Passage Completion
- Error Correction (Phrase in Bold)
- Spotting Errors
- Sentence Completion
- Active and Passive Voice
- Sentence Improvement
APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus – General Telugu
- Synonyms & Vocabulary
- Telugu to English meanings
- English to Telugu meanings
APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus – General Studies
1. Events of national and international importance.
2. Current affairs- international, national and regional.
3. General Science and its applications to the day to day life Contemporary developments in Science & Technology and Information Technology
4. A social- economic and political history of modern India with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh.
5. Indian polity and governance: constitutional issues, public policy, reforms and e-governance initiatives with specific reference to Andhra Pradesh.
6. Economic development in India since independence with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh.
7. Physical geography of Indian sub-continent and Andhra Pradesh.
8. Disaster management: vulnerability profile, prevention and mitigation strategies, Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in the assessment of Disaster.
9. Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection
10.Logical reasoning, analytical ability and data interpretation.
a) Tabulation of data
b) Visual representation of data
c) Basic data analysis (Summary Statistics such as mean, median, mode, variance and coefficient of variation) and Interpretation
12. Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its Administrative, Economic, Social, Cultural, Political, and Legal Implications/problems.
APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus – Mental Ability
- Series Completion
- Verification of truth of the Statement
- Situation Reaction Test
- Direction Sense Test
- Data Sufficiency
- Alpha- Numeric Sequence Puzzle
- Puzzle Test
- Blood Relations
- Coding- Decoding
- Assertion and Reasoning
- Arithmetical Reasoning
- Operations of Mathematics
- Venn Diagrams
- Word Sequence
- Missing Characters
- Sequential Output training
- Test on Alphabets
- Eligibility Test
- Dot Situation
- Identical figure groupings
- Forming figures and analysis
- Construction of squares and Triangles
- Analytical Reasoning
- Paper Folding
- Paper Cutting
- Cubes and Dice
- Water Images
- Mirror Images
- Figure Matrix
- Completion Incomplete Pattern
- Spotting embedded figures
APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus – Horticulture-I
1. FRUIT CROPS
Area, production, importance, use, origin, distribution, botany, classification of varieties, use of rootstocks, high-density planting, climate, soils, planting methods, training and pruning, nutrition, bahar treatment, irrigation scheduling, intercrops, weed control, problems in orchard management, flowering, fruit set, seedlessness irregular bearing, problems in fruit set, harvesting indices, harvesting, preharvest treatments, use of growth regulators, yield, grading, packing for internal and export markets, ripening methods and storage in respect of mango, banana, citrus, grape, pineapple, guava, papaya and sapota. Physiological disorders in fruit crops.
2. VEGETABLE CROPS
Importance of vegetables in the human diet and the national economy. Detailed study regarding origin and distribution, area and production, importance, nutritive value, botany, varieties, soil and climatic requirements, seed treatment, seed sowing/nursery raising, transplanting, nutrition, irrigation, intercultural operations, physiological disorders, harvest indices, harvesting, post-harvest handling, curing, storage and usage of plant growth regulators in vegetable crops like tomato, brinjal, chillies, sweet pepper, potato, okra, cucurbitaceous crops like cucumber, pumpkin, ridge gourd, snake gourd, bitter gourd, bottle gourd, melons like watermelon and muskmelon, leguminous vegetables like cluster bean, French bean, Dolichos bean, pea and broad bean, cole crops like cabbage, cauliflower and knolkhol, root crops like radish, carrot, beetroot and turnip, bulb crops like onion and garlic, tuber crops like sweet potato, tapioca, amorphophallus, colocasia, Dioscorea and yam, leafy vegetables like amaranthus, palak, Roselle, perennial vegetables like drumstick, coccidia and murraya.
3. COMMERCIAL FLORICULTURE, ORNAMENTAL GARDENING, AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
Area, production, importance, use, origin, distribution, classification of varieties, propagation, environmental factors affecting growth and flowering, soils, nutrition, irrigation, weeding, special techniques of production such as controlling growth and production of flowers, use of growth regulators, harvesting, postharvest handling, extension of shelf life of flowers of commercial flower crops such as rose, chrysanthemum, jasmine, carnations, gladiolus, anthurium, tuberose, China aster, marigold, crossandra and gerbera. Need for bio-aesthetic planning, places suitable for bio-aesthetic planning-towns, cities, villages, schools, temples, roadside, parks, ghats of rivers and canals, platforms, railway lines, public and private buildings, institutes and places of worship. Ornamental trees, shrubs climbers, cacti, succulents used in bio-aesthetic or landscape gardening. Principles of garden designs, types of gardens-Japanese, English and Moghul gardens. Various features of gardens such as paths, garden walls, fencing, steps, edges, hedges, arches, pergolas, shrubbery, topiary, rockery, flower beds, lawns, fountains, statues, water garden, conservatory, and glass or greenhouse. Indoor plants, and their management.
Flower arrangement – principles, styles, containers and holding solutions.
Bonsai – culture, and art of making.
4. MEDICINAL, AROMATIC, SPICES, CONDIMENT AND PLANTATION CROPS
Origin, importance, export potential, varieties, climate, soil requirements, propagation and planting, and aftercare, mulching, irrigation, training, pruning, harvesting, yield, and post-harvest handling, curing and processing practices, storage methods, and distillation of essential oils of the following crops.
Aloe, amla(aonla), stevia, ashwagandha, dioscorea, opium poppy, sarpagandha, steroids bearing solanum, Phyllanthus amarus, chakramani, madhunasaini, sweet flag, Catharanthus, roseus, isabgol, fox glove, belladona, senna, tinospora, annatto, coleus, safed musli and asparagus.
Citronella, lemon grass, palmarosa, vettiver, geranium, davana, mints, lavender and vanilla. Spices and condiments Turmeric, ginger, coriander, fenugreek, cardamom, pepper, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg and cumin.
Coconut, cashew nuts, oil palm, betel vine, coffee, tea, cacao, areca nut, and rubber.
5. DRYLAND HORTICULTURE AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
Dryland horticulture farming, introduction, definition, dry climate and their classifications with reference to India in general and Andhra Pradesh in particular. Importance of horticultural crops in dryland, yield potential of agriculture and horticultural crops in drylands. Fruits and vegetable crops suitable for dryland farming. Adaptive features of dryland fruit crops for drought and salinity.
Watershed management, objectives, approaches, steps in watershed development planning, land use capability, classification, soil and rainwater conservation, water harvesting measures in the watershed area. Problems and prospects under water shed.
Alternate water use system:
Cultural practices like planting, training, pruning, nutrition and water management and harvesting of important dryland fruits viz., ber, pomegranate, custard apple, phalsa, fig, aonla, jamun, and tamarind.
6. Post Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops
Importance of post-harvest technology in Horticultural crops. Maturity indices, harvesting, handling, grading of fruits, vegetables, cut flowers, plantation crops, medicinal and aromatic plants. Pre-harvest factors affecting quality, factors responsible for the deterioration of horticultural produce, physiological and biochemical changes, hardening and delaying ripening process. Post harvest treatments of horticultural crops. Quality parameters and specifications. Structure of fruits, vegetables and cut flowers related to physiological changes after harvest. Methods of storage for local market and export, packaging methods and types of packages, recent advances in packaging. Types of containers and cushioning materials, vacuum packaging, cold storage, poly shrink packaging, grape guard packing treatments. Modes of transport.
7. PRESERVATION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
Importance and scope of fruit and vegetable preservation in India. Principles of preservation by heat, low temperature, chemicals and various methods of preservation.
Selection of site for processing, processing unit layout and precautions for hygienic conditions of the unit. Preservation of fruits and vegetables through canning, bottling, freezing, dehydration, drying, sugar, chemicals, salts, vinegar, ultraviolet, and ionizing radiations.
Micro-organisms associated with spoilage of fruit and vegetable products. Spoilage of canned products-hydrogen swell, flipper, dent, leaker etc., Biochemical changes associated with spoilage of fruit and vegetable products. Preservatives and colors permitted and prohibited in India.
8. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
Farm power in A.P and India – Sources, I.C engines, classification, Tractors – Types and uses, selection of tractor and cost of tractor power. Electric motors – types, Tillage implements – primary secondary tillage is drawn implements. Seed cum fertilizer drills, planters. Grafting and pruning tools and equipment. Implements, tools, and equipment for intercultural operations. Plants protection equipment – harvesting equipment – soil conservation equipment.
Different kinds of equipment used in processing. Preparation of jams, jellies, marmalades, candies, crystallized and glazed fruits, preserves, chutneys, pickles, ketchup, sauce, puree, syrups, juices, squashes and cordials. Government policy on import and export of processed fruits, food laws. Quality control of processed products.
9. GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS
Importance uses the scope and production of horticultural crops in the greenhouse. Status and development of greenhouse production of horticultural crops in the world and India. Development, constraints, research needs and future of protected culture of horticultural crops in India and A.P. Points to be considered before establishing a greenhouse. Types of greenhouses, classification of greenhouses based on the shapes, the material used, utility and cladding material used. Size and arrangement of greenhouses and characteristics of various greenhouse cladding materials, greenhouse benches etc.,
Management of light, temperature (greenhouse heating and cooling), CO2 and relative humidity inside the greenhouse. Various types of growing media used and their suitability for different horticultural crops.
Preparation of growing media and its pasteurization. Management of nutrients through fertigation.
Detailed production technology in respect of tomato, cucumber, rose, carnation, gerbera, chrysanthemum, and anthurium under greenhouse/playhouse.
APPSC Horticulture Officer Syllabus – Horticulture-II
1. FUNDAMENTALS OF HORTICULTURE :
Definition, the importance of horticulture in terms of economy, production, and employment generation. Nutritional value of horticultural crops. Divisions of horticulture and their importance. Horticultural stations in Andhra Pradesh. Horticultural zones of India and Andhra Pradesh.
Temperature, light, humidity, rainfall and soil requirements for horticultural crops. Selection of site for establishing an orchard, orchard plan, systems of planting and establishment of an orchard. Importance, scope, and practicing of organic farming in horticultural crop production. Soil and climate for horticultural crops. Vegetable gardens – nutrition and kitchen gardens and other types of gardens.
Nutrition of horticultural crops – assessment of nutritional requirements based on soil, tissue analysis, and field experiments. Identification of deficiency symptoms of various nutrients and methods of nutrient application. Assessment of irrigation requirements for different horticultural crops and different methods of irrigation. Pruning and training, their objectives and methods. Pollination and fruit set, problems and requirements, flower and fruit drop, stages, causes, and remedial measures. Fruit thinning, objectives, advantages and disadvantages. Unfruitfulness, reasons and remedial measures. Use of growth regulators in horticulture. Cropping systems, intercropping, multi-tier cropping, mulching, bearing habits, factors influencing the fruitfulness and unfruitfulness. Rejuvenation of old orchards, top working, frame working.
2. PLANT PROPAGATION AND NURSERY MANAGEMENT :
Introduction, principles, and classification of plant propagation methods. Selection of site for the commercial nursery. Ecological and economic factors. Plant propagation structures, containers, and media. Sexual propagation and its importance. Seed dormancy, Seed germination, the process of seed germination. Factors affecting seed germination and pre-germination treatments and viability tests.
Asexual (vegetative) propagation and it’s importance. Various methods of Asexual (vegetative) propagation like cuttage, layerage, budding, grafting and factors responsible for their success. Different types among cottage, layering, budding, grafting methods followed in the propagation of different horticultural crops. Role of rootstocks, selection and maintenance of mother trees (scion bank), scion – stock relationships, bud wood certification, propagation through specialized structures. Nursery registration act.
Importance of micro propagation of plants. Types of aseptic cultures. Types of media, preparation of media and inoculation of explants, establishment, subculture and rooting of explants.
3. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY :
Physiological changes during seed development, germination, and seed dormancy. Seed viability and seed vigor. Photosynthesis – importance, factors affecting photosynthesis. Light and dark reactions – C3, C4, and CAM pathways. Significance and differences. Photorespiration and its significance. Respiration and its significance. Nomenclature and classification of plant growth substances. History, occurrence, distribution, mode of action, movement, mechanism and function of auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, inhibitors, retardants, phenolic substances, and morphactins.
Role of plant growth regulators in plant propagation, seed and bud dormancy, juvenility, maturity and senescence, flowering, pollination, fruitset including parthenocarpy, fruit growth, fruit drop and fruit ripening (climacteric and non-climacteric) and fruit colour development, tuber and bulb formation and sex expression and extension of shelf life in fruits, vegetables and flowers.
4. ENTOMOLOGY :
Commonly occurring pests in horticultural crops – distribution, host range, nature of damage, symptoms and control measures. Life cycle of insect pests, nematodes etc., Integrated pest management.
5. PATHOLOGY :
Commonly occurring diseases in horticultural crops – host range, etiology, symptoms and control measures. Life cycle of bacteria, fungal parasites, viruses etc., Integrated disease management.
6. SOIL SCIENCE:
Soil texture – classes. Soil structure – classification. Soil PH, the importance of soil PH on nutrient availability. Soil organic matter – sources, humus formation, C: N ratio and its importance. Soil fertility and productivity. Essential and beneficial elements, criteria of essentiality. Primary secondary, micronutrients and their functions, deficiency symptoms, occurrence in horticultural crops, corrective measures. Factors affecting their availability. Classification of manures and fertilizers and their differences. Commercial fertilizers, simple, compound and complex fertilizers, fertilizers mixtures. Biofertilizers. Integrated nutrient management for horticultural crops. Fertilizer control order.
7. INTRODUCTORY AGROFORESTRY :
Agro forestry-introduction, the status of Indian forests, role in Indian Farming Systems. DefinitionBranches of Forestry. Principles and practices, classification of Agro forestry systems-inter cropping-Home garden-Types of coconut based cropping system-planning for Agro forestyconstraints, diagnosis and design methodology, selection of tree species for agro forestry. Agroforestry projects-national, overseas, MPTs – their management practices economics of cultivation – Sisso, Acacia catechu, A.nilotica (Babul), Bez(Z. mauritiana). Grewia, Subabul, Tamarind, Eucalyptus, Teak, Casuarina, Red sander, Neem, Soapnut, Aonla, Morus, Bamboo, biodiesel trees-Jatropha, Pongamia, Simarouba. Distinction between agroforestry and social forestry-objectives, the scope of social forestry. Hortipastoral system – pastures suitable under dryland condition.
8. EXTENSION EDUCATION:
Formal and informal education. Teaching – learning process, principles of learning. Commutation – components. Classification of Audio-visual aids. Transfer of technology programmers – KVK, TAR – IVLP, ATIC, NHM, APMIP, DWCRA, ANTWA, DAATC. Extension reforms – ATMA, SREP, PRA, different tools of PRA.
9. ORGANIC FARMING IN HORTICULTURAL CROPS :
Introduction, concept, relevance in present context, Organic production requirements, Biological intensive nutrient management-Organic manures, vermicomposting, green manuring, compost pits, recycling of organic residues, bio-fertilizers, soil improvement and amendments: Integrated diseases and pest management use of biocontrol agents, biopesticides, pheromones, trap crops bird perches, weed management. Quality considerations, certification, labelling and accreditation processors, marketing, exports. International and National Policies in the promotion of Organic farming.
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